Dr. Lawrence DiDomenico of Ankle & Foot Care Centers talks about treatment for hammertoe conditions. Dr. DiDomenico is a fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeon in Youngstown, Ohio.
Dr. Ramy Fahim of Ankle & Foot Care Centers in Warren, Ohio, talks about ankle instability and some remedies for it. Dr. Fahim is a fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeon.
Dr. Lawrence DiDomenico of Ankle & Foot Care Centers talks about treatment for bunions. Dr. DiDomenico is a fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeon in Youngstown, Ohio.
Dr. Ramy Fahim of Ankle & Foot Care Centers in Warren, Ohio, talks about ingrown toenails and some remedies for them. Dr. Fahim is a fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeon.
Dr. Lawrence DiDomenico of Ankle & Foot Care Centers talks about total ankle replacements and their advantages. Dr. DiDomenico is a fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeon in Youngstown, Ohio.
Foot sprains left untreated can lead to more severe problems, Dr. Ramy Fahim points out in this new video. Dr. Fahim is a foot and ankle surgeon with Ankle & Foot Care Centers in Warren, Ohio.
In a new video, Dr. Ramy Fahim, a foot and ankle surgeon with Ankle & Foot Care Centers in Warren, Ohio, talks about heel pain and remedies for the condition.
Most cases of plantar fasciitis, commonly called heel pain, can be treated successfully without surgery, Dr. Fahim points out.
Tendinitis is the inflammation of a tendon, a thick cord of tissue that connects muscle to bone. Achilles tendinitis, or an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, is one of the most common causes of foot or ankle pain.
Other types of foot/ankle tendinitis include posterior tibial tendinitis and peroneal tendinitis.
Tendinitis can result from an injury or over-use, says Dr. Mark S. Smesko, a podiatric physician and surgeon with Ankle & Foot Care Centers in Youngstown, Ohio.
Improper stretching prior to exertion or incorrect form during physical activity can also contribute to the development of tendinitis, Dr. Smesko said.
Some people, including those with “flat feet,” tight tendons or arthritis, are particularly prone to tendinitis.
“Pain is the most common symptom of tendinitis,” Dr. Smesko said. “The pain of tendinitis is most noticeable when you try to move that part of your body. The involved tendon may swell.”
Rest and ice can ease the pain of tendinitis, Dr. Smesko said. He recommends staying off a painful foot or ankle as much as possible and applying ice for up to 15 minutes at a time, three to four times a day.
When to Visit a Podiatrist
“If ice and rest don’t eliminate the pain, or if the pain persists beyond a week, it’s a good idea to see a podiatrist,” Dr. Smesko said. “Don’t put that off. Tendinitis can become a chronic problem, and it’s much more difficult to treat a chronic problem than an acute injury.”
Diagnosis and Treatment
A podiatrist seeing a patient with possible tendinitis will ask a patient questions about the pain and his or her general health and likely perform a complete physical examination of the feet and ankles, he said.
The doctor may order X-rays or an MRI to rule out any other problems that often cause pain, like a fracture or torn tendon.
Treatment will focus on relieving the pain and preventing further injury.
“A podiatrist may create shoe inserts or a soft cast to effectively immobilize the affected area,” Dr. Smesko said. “It could take a couple of weeks for a tendon to heal. Medication could be involved as well.”
Custom orthotics can help control the motion of feet and decrease the chance of a patient re-developing tendinitis. A podiatrist may also recommend certain stretches or exercises to increase the tendon’s elasticity and strengthen the muscles attached to the tendon.
“Gradually increasing your activity level with an appropriate training schedule can also help prevent tendinitis,” Dr. Smesko said. “For example, it’s better to build up to a 5K run instead of simply tackling the whole course the first day.”
Severe cases of athlete’s foot, officially known as tinea pedis, can require advanced treatment.
But many cases of the common condition can be prevented with some very easy measures, says Dr. David Podolsky, a podiatric physician and surgeon with Ankle & Foot Care Centers in Youngstown, Ohio.
Keep your feet dry
Athlete’s foot fungus tends to thrive in a dark, warm, moist environment, and that’s often exactly what we have inside our shoes, Dr. Podolsky said.
“It’s important to hand-dry feet completely with a towel after bathing and/or swimming,” he said. “Only a little bit of moisture is needed to retain athlete’s foot fungus.”
Wear the right socks
Light-colored and/or polyester socks are preferred over dark-colored or nylon socks, Dr. Podolsky added.
Nylon socks don’t breathe well, so moisture tends to stay on our feet instead of being wicked away, he said.
“Likewise, dark stocks tend to sustain heat than reflect it,” he said. “That adds to the potential for the foot fungus to grow.”
Try absorbent foot powder
Absorbent foot powder used in the shoes on a weekly or twice weekly basis will also help to wick moisture away from the feet and socks, Dr. Podolsky said.
Initial use of an over-the-counter athlete’s foot cream or spray, applied directly to the affected areas on a daily basis, may also be helpful.
If signs of athlete’s foot persist for two weeks, a visit to a podiatrist would be a good idea.
When people with diabetes watch their feet carefully, they can prevent some of the most severe risks of diabetes, including lower-limb amputations, says Dr. Robert Debiec, a podiatric physician with Ankle & Foot Care Centers.
People ages 20 and older who are living with diabetes account for about 60 percent of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report.
“The CDC says diabetes-related foot and lower-leg amputations have decreased by 65 percent since 1996,” Dr. Debiec points out. “Still, many more amputations can be prevented by closer attention to the health of one’s feet.”
People with diabetes may be less aware of cuts or wounds on their feet due to the nerve damage related to their disease, Dr. Debiec says.
Dr. Debiec and the American Podiatric Medical Association offer this advice to help people with diabetes protect their foot health:
- Inspect your feet daily. Check the entire foot and all 10 toes for cuts, bruises, sores, or changes to the toenails, such as thickening or discoloration. Treat wounds immediately and see your podiatrist if a problem persists or infection is apparent.
- Exercise by walking. This can help you maintain a healthy weight and improve circulation. Be sure to wear athletic shoes appropriate for the type of exercise you’re doing.
- Wear shoes that fit. When you buy new shoes, have them properly measured and fitted. Foot size and shape can change over time, and ill-fitting shoes are a leading cause of foot pain and lesions. Certain types of shoes, socks, and custom orthotics are available for people with diabetes, and they may be covered under Medicare (learn more here).
- Keep your feet covered. Never go barefoot, even at home. The risk of cuts and infection is too great.
- Rely on a professional. See a licensed podiatrist to remove calluses, corns, or warts — don’t tackle them yourself, and don’t ask an unlicensed nonprofessional to do it. Over-the-counter products can burn your skin and injure your foot. Podiatrists are specially trained to address all aspects of foot health for people with diabetes.
- Get checkups twice a year. An exam by your podiatrist is the best way to ensure your feet stay healthy.
“For people with diabetes, taking charge of your own foot health can help you avoid foot-related complications like amputation,” Dr. Debiec says. “Working with your podiatrist will help you safeguard your foot health.”
For a free booklet on diabetic neuropathy, visit this page.
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